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What Exactly Is A Physical Therapist – And What Does A Physical Therapist Do

19 December 2011 One Comment

Massage Article of the day #39:  12/19/2011

If you ask a person what they think of when they hear the words “physical therapy” a large percentage will tell you that they think of rehabilitation therapy for patients with injuries ranging from an accident or loss of mobility to a sports injury. They also think of other patients that need rehab therapy for illnesses which relate to musculoskeletal problems and are hospitalized for these problems.

A smaller percentage may tell you that they think of physical therapy as working with some kind of exercises to work the muscles similar to what a chiropractor does while another percentage does not really know what the words “physical therapy” mean. In light of the fact that there are many preconceived notions of what physical therapy means let’s first clarify what physical therapy is before we discuss what a physical therapist does and how they can help you.

What is a physical therapist - and what does a physical therapist doWhat Physical Therapy Really Means

Physical therapy involves the process of manipulating different body parts to decrease pain, improve mobility and function, and improve bodily strength to help the individual enjoy a better quality of life. Physical therapy also involves helping people prevent injuries and improve energy levels by staying physically fit.

Although physical therapy includes an individual evaluation to come up with a plan for treatment, the plan can be associated with an injury or illness or it can also consist of a plan for an ongoing health program which will help you enjoy a better quality of life by having the energy to do and enjoy more things. If you are having difficulty coming up with a long term health plan, physical therapy can be of tremendous benefit since it will be individualized to help you meet your health and fitness goals.

How a Physical Therapist Can Help

A physical therapist is highly educated and licensed to help people achieve their health and fitness goals. For this reason, a lot of people think of physical therapists as physicians who help you to overcome an injury or illness. While this is partially true you can also consult with a physical therapist to come up with a personalized program to improve and maintain health and prevent injury over the long term.

Regardless if you have an injury or illness or you simply want to increase your chances of continued good health and longevity, a physical therapist will do a complete evaluation which includes reviewing the status of muscular, skeletal, neurological, cardiovascular, pulmonary, and lymphatic systems as well as any other health concerns. The physical therapist will then work closely with you to determine what needs to be done to improve your health and longevity.

A physical therapist can also help you to learn what important aspects of your health you should focus on and what some of your personal goals are for achieving good health and wellness. This saves you time because the areas you should focus on are individually designed in a program that specifically suits your needs. This takes the guesswork out of coming up with a program you may think is beneficial to your health but you do not know for sure. For example, if you have specific shoulder problems, a physical therapist can help you come up with a plan to gain more use of your shoulder through rehab therapy without risking injury. If you have arthritis, your physical therapist can help you with a plan for treatment for the area of your body which is specifically affected by the disorder.

Essentially a physical therapist can help you to gain control over your health without the use of drugs. The physical therapist will get to the root of the problem and then work with you on a treatment plan until your goals are achieved for overcoming the precise health problem. If there is a health concern that requires the attention of a physician then the physical therapist will refer you to the appropriate health professional. So, physical therapy involves a lot more than rehab therapy and can significantly help you to maintain overall good health and well being for the long term.

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  • Leo Voisey said:

    Stem cells are “non-specialized” cells that have the potential to form into other types of specific cells, such as blood, muscles or nerves. They are unlike “differentiated” cells which have already become whatever organ or structure they are in the body. Stem cells are present throughout our body, but more abundant in a fetus.
    Medical researchers and scientists believe that stem cell therapy will, in the near future, advance medicine dramatically and change the course of disease treatment. This is because stem cells have the ability to grow into any kind of cell and, if transplanted into the body, will relocate to the damaged tissue, replacing it. For example, neural cells in the spinal cord, brain, optic nerves, or other parts of the central nervous system that have been injured can be replaced by injected stem cells. Various stem cell therapies are already practiced, a popular one being bone marrow transplants that are used to treat leukemia. In theory and in fact, lifeless cells anywhere in the body, no matter what the cause of the disease or injury, can be replaced with vigorous new cells because of the remarkable plasticity of stem cells. Biomed companies predict that with all of the research activity in stem cell therapy currently being directed toward the technology, a wider range of disease types including cancer, diabetes, spinal cord injury, and even multiple sclerosis will be effectively treated in the future. Recently announced trials are now underway to study both safety and efficacy of autologous stem cell transplantation in MS patients because of promising early results from previous trials.
    History
    Research into stem cells grew out of the findings of two Canadian researchers, Dr’s James Till and Ernest McCulloch at the University of Toronto in 1961. They were the first to publish their experimental results into the existence of stem cells in a scientific journal. Till and McCulloch documented the way in which embryonic stem cells differentiate themselves to become mature cell tissue. Their discovery opened the door for others to develop the first medical use of stem cells in bone marrow transplantation for leukemia. Over the next 50 years their early work has led to our current state of medical practice where modern science believes that new treatments for chronic diseases including MS, diabetes, spinal cord injuries and many more disease conditions are just around the corner.
    There are a number of sources of stem cells, namely, adult cells generally extracted from bone marrow, cord cells, extracted during pregnancy and cryogenically stored, and embryonic cells, extracted from an embryo before the cells start to differentiate. As to source and method of acquiring stem cells, harvesting autologous adult cells entails the least risk and controversy.
    Autologous stem cells are obtained from the patient’s own body; and since they are the patient’s own, autologous cells are better than both cord and embryonic sources as they perfectly match the patient’s own DNA, meaning that they will never be rejected by the patient’s immune system. Autologous transplantation is now happening therapeutically at several major sites world-wide and more studies on both safety and efficacy are finally being announced. With so many unrealized expectations of stem cell therapy, results to date have been both significant and hopeful, if taking longer than anticipated.
    What’s been the Holdup?
    Up until recently, there have been intense ethical debates about stem cells and even the studies that researchers have been allowed to do. This is because research methodology was primarily concerned with embryonic stem cells, which until recently required an aborted fetus as a source of stem cells. The topic became very much a moral dilemma and research was held up for many years in the US and Canada while political debates turned into restrictive legislation. Other countries were not as inflexible and many important research studies have been taking place elsewhere. Thankfully embryonic stem cells no longer have to be used as much more advanced and preferred methods have superseded the older technologies. While the length of time that promising research has been on hold has led many to wonder if stem cell therapy will ever be a reality for many disease types, the disputes have led to a number of important improvements in the medical technology that in the end, have satisfied both sides of the ethical issue.
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    CCSVI Clinic has been on the leading edge of MS treatment for the past several years. We are the only group facilitating the treatment of MS patients requiring a 10-day patient aftercare protocol following neck venous angioplasty that includes daily ultrasonography and other significant therapeutic features for the period including follow-up surgeries if indicated. There is a strict safety protocol, the results of which are the subject of an approved IRB study. The goal is to derive best practice standards from the data. With the addition of ASC transplantation, our research group has now preparing application for member status in International Cellular Medicine Society (ICMS), the globally-active non-profit organization dedicated to the improvement of cell-based medical therapies through education of physicians and researchers, patient safety, and creating universal standards. For more information please visit http://www.neurosurgeonindia.org/

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